As mentioned in the previous chapter, every research needs to start with identifying the research problem. The author defines what is being studied. From this determination of the problem, there is a further process of professional work (valid for both diploma and bachelor thesis).
“Scientific research is a systematic, controlled, empirical and critical examination of hypothetical statements about supposed relationships between natural phenomena.”
Very often, the writer encounters the terms validity (to measure what he has to measure), reality (if the object does not change, repeat measurements show the same results), representativeness and objectification. The principles of professional work are primarily due to their usefulness and usability in future practice.
Principles for correct processing of the theoretical part of the thesis
The author begins his professional work by defining the solved problems and further studies the available sources from which he analyzes and presents the theoretical background. At this stage of the study, she studies relevant literature and available professional sources (publications, documents, articles, etc.) and familiarizes herself with the current view of other professionals, can also draw on the practical background (businesses, communities, regions etc.). Professional consultations (not only with teachers but also practitioners) and interviews with the relevant institutions in which the research will take place are also part of the study and knowledge of the field.
Choosing the right publication
From a professional point of view, it is unacceptable for a student to use only one basic publication or, even worse, his own experience to find the theoretical basis for the solution of the observed phenomenon or theme. It is also very negative if the author did not consult the supervisor at all during the course of its elaboration.
It is desirable for the author to understand the expert statements and to have a well-mastered professional literature to find the theoretical background of the issue under consideration. The present often requires the search for information on the Internet in foreign language texts.
The basic preparation of the theoretical basis of the author will protect against the solution of already solved or repetition of the same mistakes already made by researchers before us. We will usually learn about this only in the conclusions of the expert works. The analysis of professional literature also requires an understanding and determination of professional terminology, or concepts that will be used in the work. Terms need to be defined in order to be understandable. Furthermore, when determining the main question and problem, it is necessary to bear in mind the specificity, clarity and empirical verifiability.
Choice of appropriate research method
Already in the theoretical part of the thesis, the author considers what research or research methods to use in the processing of the analytical part of the thesis (most often the bachelor thesis and the diploma thesis). They also have to decide which methodological tool they will achieve the desired results. The choice of research methods and techniques, as well as the way they are processed, depends on the given topic and the problem that the author solves. Research methods and techniques are chosen to meet the stated goals of work. We definitely do not recommend that the author create his / her own methodological tools that are not yet verified. If he / she decides to create his / her own research tool, he / she will have to carry out so-called pre-testing (pre-research) to verify his / her notice value.