At the beginning of the introduction, it is good to realize what scientific problem the “writer / reader” will deal with. The scientific problem is a type of scientific question that we do not find an adequate answer in the field of study. In this field, they have only partial knowledge of it, or they have not yet found a comprehensive answer or practical application. It is therefore necessary that the “writer / student” focuses on a much more detailed explanation of the issue and develops theoretical knowledge and practical skills in a given field that will enrich others in the scientific field. However, this circumstance does not mean ignorance of the issue, but requires us to cross the horizon of our own knowledge about the issue and to achieve knowledge beyond the boundaries.
Any professional work (bachelor’s or master’s thesis) requires the formulation of a scientific problem that is considered to be the most important and challenging stage of such work. The correct and concise formulation of the scientific problem and the objective of the research depends on the most important part, namely the design solution and the conclusions that should give the reader his final impression. If a “pistol / student” does not know how to determine a scientific problem, he can express it with a specific question.
Determining the research problem as the first step of the practical part of the thesis
In every science, and in every different problem, the transformation of information is complicated, but also different. By identifying the research problem, all research starts. The art of analyzing the analytical part of the thesis is based to a certain extent on a concise determination of ambiguities and problems. Instead of just answering the question, the writer / reader should try to understand the events as they actually happen. It is not possible for a part to separate the challenge from the others (as new problems may arise during the analysis, the research question may lead to others that the “pistol / reader” has not previously known).
The procedure for correct processing of the practical part
At the beginning of the analytical part of the research process, it is good that the results and observations of the issues under consideration are assessed. It is possible that previous researchers have already sufficiently elucidated the problem we are monitoring, so it is necessary that the “writer / reader” acquainted with already published expert studies on a similar topic.
In the next stage, it is necessary for the writer / reader to clearly formulate the subject of the research. If there is already a decisive expert scientific work from other researchers, the “writer / reader” can make a coherent and concrete idea of what position he / she is supposed to take on the problem under investigation. It is possible from the already created idea to set the necessary concrete hypothesis. If the analytical part of the diploma or bachelor thesis is to be effective, it is necessary to determine the hypothesis in such a way that it can be verified or refuted.
Another “writer / reader” step is to decide how to collect the necessary sources (material or information). We will talk about the existence of research methods, of which there are many, later. The choice of method depends on the main objectives of the research as well as on the whole focus of the professional work, resp. it depends on what aspects the “writer / reader” will deal with. Sometimes he encounters unexpected practical difficulties. Therefore, the results achieved are sometimes very misleading.
If the “writer / reader” has already acquired and provided the necessary material that will necessarily be needed in the analytical part of the work (diploma or bachelor) or analysis, this does not mean that he / she will not encounter further difficulties during the research. Essential difficulties arise at a time when it will need to draw conclusions from the information obtained and relate it to the subject matter of the research. Occasionally, “writer / student” answers aptly the questions he has researched, but we find many researches that have not led to clear conclusions.
The professional work has a descriptive character of research and it is necessary to justify all the conclusions that the “writer / student” mentioned in the work, or published.